What is Fuchs Dystrophy

Fuchs' dystrophy is an eye disease in which the innermost layer of cells, called the endothelium  in the cornea undergoes degenerative changes. Endothelium is responsible for maintaining the proper amount of fluid in the cornea and  keeps the cornea clear for good vision by pumping out excess fluid that could cause corneal swelling.It usually affects both eyes and causes a gradual decline in vision due to corneal edema (swelling) and clouding.

As the disorder progresses, swelling of the cornea can cause blisters on the front of the cornea known as epithelial bullae (BULL-eye). This condition is known as bullous keratopathy.

People in their 30s and 40s may have Fuchs' dystrophy but not know it. Vision problems might not appear until age 50 or later. Women are more likely than men to have Fuchs' dystrophy.

There is no known prevention for Fuchs' dystrophy.